Written by Active Minds on Friday the 7th of April 2017.
Whilst dementia can be diagnosed with no prior issues occurring, there are some conditions that are known to trigger dementia:
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease – A rare brain disorder that effects one in one million people a year. Little is known about the cause of this disease but it is thought it may be due to an abnormal infectious protein called prion. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is fatal, and can be inherited or caused by exposure to diseased brain or nervous system tissue.
Huntington’s Disease – This hereditary disease, caused by a genetic mutation, causes nerve cells and spinal cords to waste away. Symptoms start to appear in your 30s or 40s, and include uncontrollable movements and lack of coordination.
Parkinson’s Disease – Parkinson’s is a condition where parts of the brain become progressively damaged over years, causing slow movement, involuntary shaking and stiff muscles. Many people with Parkinson’s eventually develop Parkinson’s Disease Dementia.
Traumatic Brain Injury – Certain types of brain injuries can increase your risk of developing dementia later in life. This can be a head injury that knocks you out for more than 24 hours, or repeated series of injuries (most likely suffered by sports people such as boxers or rugby players). However, it is important to know that other factors, alongside the head injury, will make a dementia diagnosis in later life more likely, such as carrying one form of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene.
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus – This is a brain disorder where abnormal volumes of cerebrospinal fluid accumulate in the brain’s ventricle, causing walking problems, thinking and reasoning issues and loss of bladder control.